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Terms of use

The purpose of these Terms of Use is to set out how you may access, use and enjoy the content and services and additional functionality made available by Cambridge University Press on its Cambridge Core platform at (our “Site”).

These Terms of Use should be read together with the terms of use and privacy notice, and the Cambridge Core Terms of Purchase (if applicable) (collectively the “Terms”) which together explain the terms on which you may make use of our Site. If there is a conflict between the terms of use for and these Terms of Use, then these Terms of Use will apply. If there is a conflict between these Terms of Use and the Cambridge Core Terms of Purchase, the Cambridge Core Terms of Purchase will apply.

Please read the Terms carefully before using or registering to use our Site.

By accessing or using our Site, or any mobile version of it, you confirm that you have read, understood and accept the Terms and that you agree to comply with them. If you do not agree to the Terms, please do not use or access (or continue to use or access) the Site. You are responsible for bringing these Terms to the attention of anyone who may read material on this Site as a result of your access to it.

If you are below sixteen (16) years of age, please obtain the permission of your parent or guardian before using our Site.

Changes to these Terms

We may revise the Terms at any time by amending the relevant page.

Please check this page and the additional terms linked to in it from time to time as any such changes will be binding on you. Your continued use of our Site shall be deemed to constitute your acknowledgement of any such changes.

Privacy Notice

If you supply personal details to us through this Site then you consent to us maintaining, recording and using such personal data in accordance with our Privacy Notice.

Accessing Our Services and our Content

We are the owner or licensee of all intellectual property rights in our Site, and in the material published on it. Those works are protected by copyright laws and treaties around the world. All such rights are reserved.

Parts of our Site are available to browse free of charge, and some content is only available to those who have paid for, or have otherwise been permitted, access to it ("Restricted Content", and collectively, "Content").

Only individuals who have been authorised either by an institution licensed by us ("Institution") or directly by us or who have purchased subscription content or downloadable content on our Site (collectively, "Authorised Users") may access the Restricted Content.

If you purchase subscription content or downloadable content on our Site that purchase will be subject to the Cambridge Core Terms of Purchase.

We do not represent that Content available on or through our Site is appropriate for use or available in all locations. Access to our Site is permitted on a temporary and as is basis.

Certain Authorised Users access the Restricted Content via a network which is only accessible to Authorised Users whose identities are authenticated by their Institution at the time of login by an authentication process agreed between us and the Institution, such as Athens or Shibboleth (SAML) technology-based authentication, IP ranges, username and password ("Secure Network").

Message boards

Some of the pages of the Site may contain message boards, bulletin boards, chat pages or other forums in which users are able to post messages for viewing by others. The Press does not edit or monitor the content of any such pages and, subject to what is said below, do not have any knowledge of any of the activities or information carried on in, or contained within, such pages.

If you become aware that any posted material on those pages or any activities carried out on those pages are offensive, unlawful or infringe any third party rights in any way please send an appropriately worded message to us by email using this address: [email protected]. We shall then act expeditiously to remove any such material or to disable access to the information.

For some Content, annotations are possible if you have a Hypothesis user account. To report any concerns you may have about the content of annotations on Cambridge University Press publications, please contact [email protected]. The annotation will be reviewed by Hypothesis to determine whether the content contravenes their community guidelines.

To report any concerns you may have about the content of annotations on Cambridge University Press publications, please contact [email protected]. Please note that if the annotation is on the Cambridge University Press layer, we will review and determine whether the annotation contravenes our guidelines. If the annotation is within the public layer, the annotation will be reviewed by Hypothesis to determine whether the content contravenes their community guidelines.

Member Services

Certain of the content on the Site is made available on behalf of membership societies (“Societies”) and is accessible to members of those societies. In addition we provide services on our Site as an agent for the Societies.  Such services include:

  1. Allowing users to join the Society as a member or renew an existing membership;
  2. Selling tickets to conferences and other events; and
  3. Allowing users to make donations to the Society.

(collectively “Member Services”).

If you use any Member Services, your use of them is subject to the Terms of Purchase and also to any relevant terms and conditions published by the society.

If you purchase tickets to Society events from us, we will provide you with electronic tickets sent to the email address you have given us.

We do not have any responsibility or liability for any Society events other than in relation to the sale of tickets to those events. Any complaints or claims in relation to those events should be made directly to the Society.

We do not have any responsibility or liability in relation to your membership of any Society, other than taking payment on behalf of the society for that membership and providing to you any subscription content (such as journals) which members of that Society are entitled to receive.  Any complaints or claims in relation to membership should be made directly to the Society.

Permitted Uses


Subject to your level of access to our Site, the restrictions below, and solely for the purposes of research, teaching or private study, you may:

  • Access, view, download, store and print Content; and/or
  • Incorporate links to Content in electronic course packs or management systems.

Any content downloaded under these terms should not be shared with any third party or distributed in any way, and must be permanently deleted following the completion of the relevant purpose for which it was downloaded. Nothing in this clause shall restrict your use of gold open access Content downloaded in accordance with a creative commons licence.

Nothing in the Terms shall in any way exclude, modify or affect any of your statutory rights under applicable copyright law.

Machine Analysis (Text and Data Mining)

You may download, extract, store and index Content to which you have lawful access to for the purposes of text and data mining (TDM) for any non-commercial purpose and may mount, load, integrate and analyse the results of TDM subject to the inclusion of a link to the underlying Content on our Site. Any copies of the Content stored locally by you for the purposes of TDM shall be deleted once such research project ends.

All Content made available on our Site is provided “as is” and Cambridge provides no warranty as to its suitability for machine analysis. Cambridge does not currently provide access to Content via an API. Cambridge utilises a number of mechanisms to monitor the usage and downloading of Content, and reserves the right to place restrictions, determined at our sole discretion, on users accessing and downloading Content, including appropriate technical protection measures.

If you would like to carry out programmatic or large-scale downloading which may be affected by technical protection measures, or if you need delivery of content in specific formats, please contact [email protected].

To the fullest extent possible under applicable law, you are restricted from using the results of your TDM of Cambridge Content in any commercial exploitation or context. You may, however, use the results of your TDM in your research and make the results of your TDM available on public websites provided no Content, or part of any Content, is made available on a commercial basis unless (and solely to the extent) expressly permitted by applicable law.

For any queries about text and data mining, please contact [email protected].


Cambridge makes openly available bibliographic metadata records it provides and creates under a Creative Commons CC0 licence. Such licence is applicable to the bibliographic metadata only, and does not apply to the Content associated with the metadata which may otherwise be subject to copyright protection. Cambridge makes no representations or warranties of any kind concerning this metadata, and offers the metadata as-is. Users use the metadata at their own risk.

Sharing of Content

The sharing or reuse of copyright protected Content, or excerpts therefrom, is subject to prior written permission from Cambridge, unless otherwise permitted by applicable copyright laws.

The results of machine analysis carried out in accordance with these Terms of Use may be used freely by the user, including in research and on publically accessible websites, provided that any extracts from the Content which are reproduced within the analysis are:

  • Limited to the extent permitted under applicable copyright laws; and
  • Accompanied by an appropriate citation.

For information regarding further re-use of Content, please refer to our permission and licensing teams.


Except in the course of exercising rights specifically granted in these Terms of Use or permitted under any applicable creative commons licence, you may not:

  • Remove or alter our copyright notice or other means of identification or disclaimers as they appear on any Content;
  • permit access to the Restricted Content to anyone who is not an Authorised User;
  • Display or distribute any part of any Restricted Content on any electronic network (including without limitation the internet and the world wide web) other than your Secure Network;
  • Use all or any part of any Content for the purposes of direct or indirect financial gain by means of sale, resale, loan, transfer, hire or other form of exploitation of the Content. For the avoidance of doubt, commercial use shall not include use by you of the Content in the course of research funded by a commercial organisation;
  • Modify, adapt, alter or create derivative works from any Content, unless for the purposes of text and data mining;
  • Make available any Content in any other form or medium without our prior written permission;
  • Create a database in electronic or structured manual form by downloading and storing any Content;
  • attempt to interfere with the proper workings of any online provision of the Content including attempting to circumvent security, tamper with, hack into or otherwise disrupt or compromise the functionality or availability of our server or other internet-connected device used as part of our IT system which enables access to the Content;
  • Either individually or collectively download Content at rate which exceeds 500 pdfs per hour. We reserve the right to withdraw access to Restricted Content in the event of a download rate in excess of this rate;
  • Otherwise download, store, reproduce, transmit, display, print, copy, distribute, extract, exploit or use the Content.

Contact Us

In the event of any comments or questions concerning the Terms, please e-mail us at [email protected] or write to Cambridge University Press, University Printing House, Shaftesbury Road, Cambridge, CB2 8BS, UK.

Thank you for visiting our Site.

Last Updated: February 2023